Silesia is an industrial region in Poland, although it is one of the smallest voivodships, due to its specificity, i.e. the greatest industrialization, high population density and urbanization, is one of the regions with the highest human pressure. The specificity of the region is also associated with the presence of mineral resources (mainly hard coal), which have driven the development of industry for several centuries. The negative effect of this development was a significant environmental degradation.
Due to the air pollution, the Silesia is one of the regions with the highest emission of dust and gas pollutants from particularly burdensome plants in Poland. The voivodship produces the largest amount of industrial waste in the country, and the amount of municipal waste generated puts it in the second position.
The result of the country’s greatest industrialization is also the greatest number of post-industrial areas, which have been degraded as a result of various utility functions. Revitalization of such areas is one of the most difficult environmental, economic and social problems. The lack of statutory regulations covering directly and comprehensively (including financial instruments) the issues of post-industrial areas, including reclamation and redevelopment of areas that have ceased to perform economic functions, is the main barrier to effective action in this area. However, they became paradoxically an asset of the region. Due to their location and infrastructure, a significant number of these areas have recently become very attractive to investors, among whom there has been a significant increase in interest
in post-industrial locations.
Due to the degree of industrialization and urbanization, Silesia is perceived as unattractive in terms of nature. Meanwhile, this region is extremely diverse in terms of nature and landscape, rich in natural values unique on a national and European scale.Almost all types of topography that can be found in Poland are present within the voivodeship’s borders - mountains, upland and lowland areas, as well as karst phenomena. 9 out of 10 forms of nature protection provided for in the Act of 16 April 2004 on nature protection are represented in Silesia: nature reserves, landscape parks, protected landscape areas, Natura 2000 areas, nature and landscape complexes, ecological areas, documentation sites, monuments nature, as well as the stands of fungi, lichens, vascular plants and animals subject
to species protection. In the Koszarawa commune there is the western part of the buffer zone of Babia Góra National Park with an area of 397 ha. 64 nature reserves have been established. The oldest ones, established in 1953, include: Barania Góra, Borek, Segiet, Sokole Góry, Stok Szyndzielnia, Wielki Las, Zamczysko and Zielona Góra. The last reserve created so far is Las Dąbrowa (2008).
In the characterized area, there are 8 landscape parks established due to natural, historical and cultural values in order to preserve, popularize and disseminate these values in the conditions of sustainable development. There are also 14 protected landscape areas in Silesia. The purpose of their creation is landscape protection and ensuring connections between areas of natural value, covered by higher forms of protection. They are to act as ecological corridors connecting national parks, nature reserves and landscape parks into a spatial arrangement of mutually complementary forms of nature protection, the so-called national system of protected areas.
The European Commission in Silesia approved 41 Natura 2000 areas, including 5 Special Protection Areas for Birds (SPAs) and 36 Areas of Community Importance (ACS), which will become Special Areas of Conservation for Habitats (SACs) pursuant to the ordinance of the Minister of the Environment.
Silesia, a collection of table items, is inspired by the industrial architecture of this region. It symbolically represents the message of the inevitable harm to nature that man does to live in luxury and comfort.
Through the project, we try to proclaim not only the idea of the need to reduce human wastefulness and thoughtlessness in human existence, but also a way to use the waste of human consumerism.
We want to draw people’s attention to the possibility of using the unique properties of plastic, which, if used wisely, can change the perception of this unusual material. In addition to physical properties and plasticity, it allowsyou to create durable items, “for years” in the spirit of the idea of limiting the amount of objects around us, also the zero waste idea, 100% recycled.
Each Silesia facility is made of a different type of material, which gives a unique visual effect, its uniqueness, but is also a different type of recycled material. Thus, each item symbolizes the global problem of environmental pollution with a given material.
In the project, we combine elements made of recycled fishing nets in a greenish-blue color, recycled colored bottle caps and plastic packaging resembling granite.
Although, the inspiration comes from Silesia region, the mentioned problem of pollution and waste is permeating the environment and thus affects all of us.
As the problem concerns the infiltration of pollutants into the environment, the elements of our design interpenetrate — it is visible in the material used and in the possibility of any combination.
We created utility objects with a sculptural form. Objects, apart from giving a new function to the used material, carry a metaphorical message.
In order to emphasize the used material, we decided to use simple, geometric forms. This allows user to play with objects. It attracts the attention, thanks to which it allows you to get acquainted with the topic of the problem of plastic waste.
Silesia has been designed both for café spaces and private interiors.
© Ekierki 2020